MOSCOW, February 3. /TASS/. Deputies of the State Duma, the lower house of Russian parliament are setting up a workgroup that will calculate the damage, which Germany inflicted on the Soviet Union during World War II, Izvestia daily said in an article published on Tuesday.
Upon the completion of computations, the workgroup plans to issue a demand to Germany for reparations.
The initiative was explained by the deputy Mikhail Degtyaryov, a member of the supreme council of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (LDPR). He said Germany had paid practically no reparations for the devastation and carnage during World War II.
The USSR took away some German assets furniture, clothes and manufacturing equipments under Yalta agreements from the Soviet sector of control. And although an agreement on cessation of reparations was signed with the German Democratic Republic, no such agreements were ever signed with the Federal Republic of Germany before or after reunification of the two Germanies.
Mikhail Degtyaryov believes this issue remains open and quite topical, all the more so that today's Germany continues inflicting damage on Russia as it presses forward with unlawful sanctions on the part of the EU.
He believes that the final amount of reparations to paid off to Russia, which is the legal successor to the USSR, will stands between three and four trillion euro.
Russian experts say, however, that although claims against Germany are well-grounded, repayment of reparations is possible only upon an interstate agreement and it is practically unrealistic to recover any reparations seventy years after the end of the war.
New Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras earlier spoke about a possibility of making reparation claims for the damage his country sustained during World War II but Germany made it clear it was not going to pay anything.
As for the efforts of the workgroup set up by the Duma deputies, the chairman of the committee on defence, Admiral Vladimir Komoyedov believes its activity is essential now.
He feels confident that the Russians must know how far back Germany pushed the USSR in terms of development during the war considering the irreparable loss of human resources.
The exact number of Soviet citizens who died during World War II is not known to date, although most historians and statisticians believe the figure stands between 25 million and 27 million people. One of the most illustrative examples in this case is the Siege of Leningrad that lasted almost 900 days and took away the lives of more than 650,000 residents of the city.
(Note: This is an encouraging news. Hungary should also file a lawsuit against the US, England and France for partitioning Hungary after World War I.
The Trianon Dictate defines our economic environment to this day. Not only a big part of the transportation infrastructure, industrial and natural resources were awarded to the successor states, but a large part of the domestic market was also lost.
Historical Hungary had about 15 thousand locomotives in 1918, of which 6800 were transferred to the successor states at the end of World War I. Before Trianon, Hungary had one of Europe's busiest and most developed rail networks that the new borders cut in half at 53 locations; most of the rail lines have already been eliminated by the successor states. In the 19th century, Hungary developed a radial railway network centered on Budapest and two circular railway lines that linked Nagykanizsa Pécs, Szabadka, Szeged, Békéscsaba with Arad, Munkács and Kassa directly. The victorious powers, in certain cases, intentionally drew the new borders to cut off the strategic railway lines from the rest of the country; as a result, cities like Nagyszalonta–Nagyvárad–Szatmárnémeti–Csap–Kassa were appropriated and awarded to the successor states. The sub-regions that the new borders cut off from the rest of the country have been marginalized and since have lost their commercial roles.
The Trianon Treaty impacts our economy to this day. As a result, only fifty percent of industrial areas have remained in Hungarian hands -- 35 percent of coal mines, 63 percent of railway network, 65 percent of the road network and 67 percent of financial institutions were transferred to the successor states.
Hungary also lost 61 percent of its arable land, 88 percent of its forest, 70 percent of its cattle stock, and most of the salt, gold and silver mines.)