Migrants are seen at a makeshift camp in an underground station in front of the Keleti railway station in Budapest, Hungary, September 3, 2015. © Leonhard Foeger / Reuters
The European Quartet countries – the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia – will discuss ways to tackle the unprecedented wave of people coming from the Middle East and North Africa to find sanctuary in Europe, at an emergency summit in Prague on Friday.
Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban told public radio on Friday that if the European Union does not protect its borders, tens of millions refugees may end up arriving in Europe.
"The reality is that Europe is threatened by a mass inflow of people, many tens of millions of people could come to Europe," he said. "Now we talk about hundreds of thousands, but next year we will talk about millions and there is no end to this," he said.
"All of a sudden we will see that we are in minority in our own continent," he said, urging Europe "to show strength in protecting our borders."
On Thursday, emotions ran high when Hungarian police allowed hundreds of refugees inside Budapest's main railway station, but then the authorities canceled all trains to Western Europe, causing chaos. Police declared Bicske railway station an 'operation zone', ordering all media to leave.
Officers earlier stopped the first train bound for the town of Sopron near the Austrian border, ordering refugees off at Bicske, where Hungary has a migrant reception center. The refugees reportedly banged on the train windows, shouting "No camp, no camp."
Police detained asylum seekers who lay on the rail tracks in protest against being sent to the reception camp. Those who were told to get off the train, forced their way back on, Reuters reported.
Viktor Orban has promised that by mid-September, Budapest should have a package of regulations in place, including a physical barrier, designed to tackle the growing number of refugees. He said Hungarians are “full of fear” because Europe is unable to “control the situation.” Following talks with the president of the European Parliament Martin Schulz, Orban noted the current refugee crisis was not an EU problem, but actually "a German problem."
Europe's refugee crisis has already been dubbed the worst since WWII, with a record number of 107,500 asylum seekers crossing the EU's borders in July. Europe appeared to be totally unprepared to deal with record high numbers of refugees.
“Eastern European countries are homogenous and not cosmopolitan as Western countries, so they get scared when so many people of different race and religion are coming in. No one knows where all this is going to,” Tony Robinson, co-director of the Pressenza international press agency, told RT.
Robinson added that Orban and other leaders are driven by fear.
“No chance they will agree to binding quotas. People are dissatisfied and fearful as no one has a coherent response to the problem. People in Budapest are outraged by what they see. Europe has never seen such a larger influx of migrants. The ultimate root of the problem is that the EU and NATO have been largely involved in conflicts in the Mid-East. Until the politicians start to tackle this root cause the situation will only get worse. The migrant debate is one of the key points driving Europe apart,” he said.
It took European leaders years to realize that the growing influx of refugees, many of them fleeing the war in Syria, won't be stopped until the fighting itself is ended.
While Angela Merkel has stated that it's important to fight the 'root causes' of the problem, David Cameron insisted the best solution to the crisis was to bring peace and stability to the Middle East. “We have taken a number of genuine asylum seekers from Syrian refugee camps and we keep that under review, but we think the most important thing is to try to bring peace and stability to that part of the world. I don’t think there is an answer that can be achieved simply by taking more and more refugees,” he said this week during a visit to Northamptonshire.
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy has urged world leaders to engineer an end to the Syrian civil war.
“The situation in Syria is the cause of a large part of the problems we are currently having in Europe," Rajoy told COPE radio. "Settling the situation in Syria is of capital importance."
With up to 60 million people displaced globally, it's become common to see the terms 'refugee' and 'migrant' being used interchangeably in media outlets. According to the UN Refugee Agency, the two terms meanwhile have “distinct and different meanings, and confusing them leads to problems for both populations.”
The agency defines refugees as “persons fleeing armed conflict or persecution.” These are people for whom “denial of asylum has potentially deadly consequences.”
In contrast, migrants “choose to move not because of a direct threat of persecution or death, but mainly to improve their lives by finding work, or in some cases for education, family reunion, or other reasons.”
Polish Foreign Minister Grzegorz Schetyna said on Thursday that Europe should do its best to stop illegal migrants from entering. Warsaw is prepared to share the burden of giving shelter to refugees in real need.
"All must be done to stop immigration at Europe's borders. We have to defend ourselves against illegal, uncontrolled immigration," Schetyna told public broadcaster TVP1.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, whose country is expecting to cater for up to 800,000 this year, said earlier this week that refugees should be “fairly” distributed across the EU according to the EU member states' ability to receive them.
On Friday, the UN high commissioner for refugees Antonio Guterres called on the European Union to admit up to 200,000 refugees as part of a mass relocation programme that would be binding on EU states.
“People who are found to have a valid protection claim [in this initial screening] must then benefit from a mass relocation program, with the mandatory participation of all EU member states.” he said in a statement.
“Europe cannot go on responding to this crisis with a piecemeal or incremental approach. No country can do it alone, and no country can refuse to do its part,” Guterres added.
A European source told AFP that next week European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker will unveil a plan for the relocation of at least 120,000 more refugees.
On Thursday, France and Germany announced joint proposals “to organize the reception of refugees and a fair distribution in Europe" as well as "converging standards” to strengthen the European asylum system.