In 1944-45 Transylvanian Hungarians wanted to join the Soviet Union rather than to Romania

Sunday, October 8, 2017

According to so far unpublished documents that Hungarian historian Miklós Kun dug up in Russian archives, in 1944-45 Transylvanian Hungarians would have preferred forming an independent state or joining the Soviet Union.

According to the researcher, General Sikin, who was in Kolozsvár in 1945 recalled the decision of trade unions in Marosvásárhely that assessed the situation in Northern Transylvania.

Workers in Marosvásárhely asked Russian authorities if the issue of North Transylvania's status comes up, they would support an independent province or if it was not possible join the Soviet Union rather than remain part of Romania.

The general also quoted a Hungarian businessman, who said Hungarians would like Transylvania to belong to the Soviet Union rather than to Romania.

The general reported to his superiors that not only Hungarians but Romanians in Transylvania also have had negative view of the Romanian administration.

Romanian peasants also thought that their situation would be better without Romanian gendarmes who came to Transylvania between the two world wars to loot the region.

In the autumn of 1944, Hungarian communist leader Zoltán Vas reported similar sentiments among ethnic Hungarians in Transylvania that first came under Romanian rule, then was transferred to a Soviet military district.

He said Northern Transylvanian population had welcomed the Red Army in Northern Transylvania because of the expectation of a quick and radical solution to the Transylvanian question.

According to Vas, Romanian gendarmes and, in some cases, Red Army soldiers began arresting former Hungarian soldiers and took them to detention camps.

They did this despite the fact that most of them have escaped from their units because they did not want to fight on Hitler's side against the Red Army.

Vas also pointed out that Romanian soldiers who served in the Hungarian army were not persecuted.

The fate of Transylvania was also affected by the fact that the Romanian delegation that negotiated a ceasefire raised more confidence in the Soviet leadership than the Hungarian delegation led by Lieutenant General of the Gendarmerie Gábor Faragho as the Romanian delegation led by an orthodox communist said the historian.

(Note: What does this tell you? For me it is clear that Horthy and the successive Hungarian regimes of the war era lacked the most basic strategic skills in the most critical time of our nation. If a more competent government would have ruled the country at the end of the second world war, some of Hungary's historical losses could have been recovered. The incompetent Horthy regime and the successive Hungarian governments blew several historic opportunities to renegotiate the Trianon Treaty without aligning the country with Hitler as he had been doomed even before the war started. Horthy was also guilty of declaring war on the Soviet Union at a time when the war was already lost by the Germans. Besides lacking basic strategic skills Horthy lacked foresight and proper assessment of the times, which manifested themselves in his rigid anti-Soviet policies that prevented him from understanding the secret currents behind the second world war. Horthy is not a hero and not even a significant historical personality because he failed to understand the dynamics behind the worldwide conflict for which Hungarians paid a horrendous price. Horthy deserves no memorials because he couldn't meet the challenge of the times leading the country into a disaster in one of the most critical period in world history.)

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