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Never seen photos of Mátyás Rákosi in exile!

Tuesday, November 7, 2017


Moscow - Relatives who regularly visited late Communist Party Secretary Mátyás Rákosi in exile recorded the former dictator's day-to-day life on film. The documents released to the public when descendants of Rákosi gave some family records to Historian Csaba Bartal.

The forty-five minutes color film depicts Rákosi's last 15 years of exile.

In the summer of 1956, Rákosi was removed from power and sent to the Soviet Union - according to official explanation - for health reasons.

At first, Rákosi believed he could return to Hungary soon.

At the beginning of his exile, he received luxurious treatment from his Soviet comrades; he was given a dacha near Moscow, then, he moved in a five-room mansion near the Black Sea where he lived with his wife of Yakut nationality.

He could blame only himself for the deterioration of his living conditions. He constantly bombarded his Soviet and Hungarian comrades with letters, asking them to let him back to Hungary. But both Soviet and Hungarian officials knew that releasing him would be an invitation for trouble. Rákosi was a very agile person and he knew too much about Kádár's criminal background; therefore, the Communist Party secretary had good reason to keep him out of the country.

Rákosi realized that he could never return to Hungary and probably, would die in exile after he was deported to Tokmak, Kyrgyzstan, which was a major exile colony even in the Tsar times. In Tokmak, he was condemned to live in a one-and-a-half-room living space with no running water. At the end of his life he was allowed to move to Gorky, where he died in 1971 at age 78.

According to Historian Csaba Bartal, Rákosi was better off in the Soviet Union than being thrown into jail in Hungary.

Mátyás Rákosi came to power after the second world war and was one of the most hated figures of Hungarian history. He built a communist dictatorship in the country imprisoning tens of thousands of people and deporting even more to the Soviet Union; but after Stalin's death, he fell out of favour and his comrades removed him from power. (He who sets a trap for others he himself will get caught in it, just a matter of time; at the end of his life, he also had to empty the bitter cup of deportees, so sharing the fate of those whom he sent to the place where he also had to spend the rest of his life - so karmic justice was served in his lifetime).

(blikk.hu - hungarianambiance.com)

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